For the third installment in our college planning series, we wanted to know what were some of the biggest issues encountered by students when applying for financial aid. Once again, we spoke with Mark Kantrowitz, publisher of FinAid.org and Fastweb.com and expert on paying for college, to give us his perspective on this issue and how students can maximize their federal student aid.
According to Kantrowitz one of the major problems he identifies is that students often do not fully understand the reality of the loans they receive. Kantrowitz explains that students will sign their name to a loan so long as it enables them to fulfill their dreams. Many believe that they will figure out how to pay back the loan when they graduate from college. However, this is a major problem, explains Kantrowitz, as it is much more difficult to figure out how to pay back the loan after you have incurred that cost, rather than before. He urges that “If you’re choosing a college and your dream is to study a field that doesn’t pay very well, you need to make sure you borrow less to match your expected income when you graduate.” While this could mean going to a cheaper school, it could also mean just limiting other costs while attending school. Kantrowitz suggests buying used textbooks, selling textbooks back to the bookstore, taking fewer trips home, and eating out less. He advises “You have to live like a student while you’re in school so that you don’t have to live like a student after you graduate.”
Another major problem Kantrowitz identifies is that student often will not file their Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) early enough, and will consequently receive less financial aid. Instead he urges students not to wait until they have filed their income tax information, but rather file their FAFSA based on projected income information and their previous income tax information.
To maximize financial aid with FAFSA, Kantrowitz urges students to be aware that income is weighted much more heavily than assets, and assets in a child’s name count much more heavily (about 20% are counted against aid eligibility) than those in the parent’s name (5.64% or less is counted against aid eligibility). He explains that if you currently have a Uniform Gift to Minors Act (UGMA) or Uniform Transfer to Minors Act (UTMA) account to help save for college, you may want to consider moving the money to a custodial 529 college savings plan account. Kantrowitz advises that this is the most tax advantageous ways of saving for college, and that this will help students to maximize the financial aid they receive.
By saving, being frugal and being mindful, Kantrowitz explains that students can make the most of their experience, while still being able to afford college. It is important that students stay informed when it comes to paying for college so that they may make decisions that are right for them.